Medieval Merchant's House
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
The house was built in 1290 by John Fortin, a wine merchant involved in trade with France. It was used both as a residence for Fortin and his family, and as a storehouse and shop.
Damage from a German bomb in 1940 laid bare the medieval structure of the house. Later additions have been removed, restoring it to the way it would have looked in the mid-14th century, with replica furniture to reflect how the house residents lived and worked.
The design is typical of a medieval merchant's dwelling, with a narrow street frontage, an undercroft for storing wine at a relatively constant temperature, and a projecting first floor jutting out over the street, supported by wooden posts. A wooden sign in the shape of a wine barrel hangs from the projecting chamber, letting passers-by know what wares were for sale here.
The shop gives way to a large hall, originally heated by a central hearth, but now warmed by a 14th-century chimney. At the back of the ground floor is a small private chamber with a decorated ceiling. The first floor has a pair of bedchambers, linked by a gallery.
The east chamber, over the street, shows original builder's marks on the timbers. The west chamber is more Victorian in character, with its 19th-century ceiling.
Archaeology has revealed that the southwest corner of the building collapsed in the middle of the 14th century, perhaps during the French raid of 1338, when many merchant's buildings in the French Street area of Southampton were destroyed.
The house survived the medieval period relatively intact but was divided into 3 cottages in the 17th century. In 1780 the divisions were removed, and the house served as a lodging for actors. The late 19th century saw more changes, and the house served briefly as a beer shop, then as a pub. By the outbreak of WWII it was a brothel.
When bomb damage revealed the medieval house, the property was bought by the city council, and eventually was passed into the care of English Heritage.
Medieval Merchants House is very small, and won't take more than a few minutes to explore. It is fascinating to compare this unpretentious building with Tudor House, a very large and very ornate late medieval timber-framed building just a few minutes walk away.
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About Medieval Merchant's House
Address: 58 French Street, Southampton, Hampshire, England, SO14 2AT
Attraction Type: Historic Building
Location: 1/2 mile south of the city centre, just off Castle Way
Website: Medieval Merchant's House
English Heritage - see also: English Heritage memberships (official website)
OS: SU419 112
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
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Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
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