History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
Part of the charm of Rydal Mount is the lovely garden in which it is set. Directly before the main entrance to the house is a mound believed to havebeen used as early as the 9th century as a look out post. Stretching out to rthe north of the house are several informal terraces, including Dora's Terrasce, which was only rediscovered quite recently.
Dora's Terrace was named for Wordsworth's daughter, as was Dora's Field. This was purchased by Wordsworth when he fell out with his landlady, Lady Diana le Fleming. Wordsworth anticipated having to leave Rydal, so he bought land next to the house, intending to build his own house there. However, he patched up his diferences with Lady le Fleming, and scrapped his buiding plans. He then gave the property to his daughter, Dora. When she died, he and his wife Mary, planted Dora's Field with daffodils as a sign of remembrance. At the top of the garden is a rustic summerhouse built by Wordsworth. It is easy to imagine him looking out across the gentle slope of the garden to Rydal Water below.
The 5 acres of gardens are a delight for keen gardeners. Much of the gardens are as they were planted by Wordsworth and his family. Wordsworth had strong ideas about what a garden should be; he thought that a garden should be composed of lawns, and trees planted so as to allow pleasant views of the natural surroundings.
The whole, he felt, should be informal, and as harmonious as possible with the natural surroundings. Among the many species planted about the garden are roses, cypress, magnolia, azalea, hydrangea, enkianthus, holly, clematis, and actinidia, among many others! The gardens are not overwhelming, but quiet, and peaceful, and there are very nice views out over the lake through carefully arranged gaps in the trees.
The house has 8 main rooms open to visitors. These include, on the ground floor, the dining Room, Drawing Room, Library. The official Rydal Mount brochure recounts an amusing anecdote about the latter. It seems that Wordsworth's servant was showing a visitor around the house. When they came to the Library, he said, "This is my Master's library, where he keeps his books; his study is out of doors." In the Library is a bookcase owned by Wordsworth. It was later purchased by Canon Rawnsley, co-founder of the National Trust, and is now back in the possession of the Wordsworth family.
The answer lies in government taxation. In the latter years of the 18th century the government introduced a tax on windows as a way to finance the Napoleonic Wars. Taxes were assessed on a sliding scale, so that houses with more windows had to pay more than houses with fewer windows. The taxes were so high that many homeowners chose to cover over windows rather than pay the tax. We can safely assume that the hidden window at Rydal Mount was covered over to avoid taxes.
The house is full of objects owned and used by Wordsworth and his family. Among the furniture is the poet's favourite chair, a 'cutlass chair', with a curved arm built to allow men who wore a sword on either side to sit comfortably.
There are so many objects on display that it is difficult to pick out one or two for special mention. Upstairs, in Wordsworth's Study, is a sword belonging to the poet's younger brother, John, who was the captain of the 'Earl of Abergavenny'. The ship sank, and John lost his life. The sword was recovered from the wreckage.
In William and Mary's Bedroom is a framed letter from Wordsworth to Queen Victoria, in which he declines the post of Poet Laureate. The queen persisted however, and Wordsworth was eventually persuaded to accept the post, but only on condition that he was not required to write so much as a single line of verse for Her Majesty. Wordsworth is the only Poet Laureate ever to be afforded this privilege.
Rydal Mount does not get the number of visitors as nearby Dove Cottage, in Grasmere, but it well repays a visit. It is a lovely house, and the gardens are worth visiting on their own. Do take the time to walk to Rydal Falls (bring good waterproof footwear).
About Rydal Mount
Address: A591, Rydal, Ambleside, Lake District, Cumbria, England, LA22 9LU
Attraction Type: Historic Building
Location: On the north side of the A591 2 miles west of Ambleside. Limited parking along the lane.
Website: Rydal Mount
Phone: 015394 33002
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.
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16th century (Time Period) -
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Rydal Falls - 0.2 miles (Countryside)
Rydal Water - 0.6 miles (Countryside)
High Sweden Bridge - 1 miles (Countryside)
Dove Cottage & Wordsworth Museum - 1.3 miles (Historic Building)
Loughrigg Fell - 1.4 miles (Countryside)
Stock Ghyll Force - 1.9 miles (Countryside)
Allan Bank - 2.1 miles (Historic Building)
Ambleside Roman Fort - 2.3 miles (Roman Site)
Nearest Accommodation to Rydal Mount:
Nearest Self Catering Cottages
Nearest Bed and Breakfasts