This triangular moated castle stands on the northern edge of the Solway Firth, beside the River Nith. For over 4 centuries Caerlaverock was home to the powerful Maxwell family and defended the south western approach to Scotland. It was besieged, captured, recaptured, won and lost again and again in the endless border conflicts between the English and Scots. Glencaple, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, DG1 4RU
Cardoness Castle is a striking six-storey tower house dating to the 15th century. It stands beside the busy A75, seemingly immune to the traffic scurrying by below its hillside perch, looking south over Fleet Bay and Solway Firth. The castle was built by the McCulloch family and is a wonderful example of the type of tower house so favoured by nobility throughout Scotland at this period. Gatehouse of Fleet, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, DG7 2EH
Carsluith stands just off the busy A75 not far from Creetown. This L-shaped tower house dates to the 16th century and, though roofless, is in a very good state of preservation. The original tower house at Carsluith was built in the 15th century as a simple rectangular structure. One of the owners of Carsluith was the last abbot of Sweetheart Abbey, at New Abbey. Creetown, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
Sometimes called Druchtag Motehill, or the Mote of Druchtag, this is a classic example of a Norman motte, or castle mound. The conical motte, 6.5 metres high, still shows traces of stone buildings. Mochrum, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
Drumcoltran is a good example of a mid-16th-century tower house of a type typical in Scotland. The tower stands in a farmyard setting and was for many years used as a farm store. The building is made up of a rectangular block with a staircase wing projecting to one side. The main block is 34' x 26'8", and the staircase wing measures only 15'3" x 8'4". Dalbeattie, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, DG2 8LF
Dunskey Castle is a ruined 16th-century L-plan tower house on the site of a 14th-century castle. The castle stands in a marvellous position on the head of a rocky promontory about a mile south of Portpatrick. It was probably built by the Adair family, who also built St John's Castle in Stranraer. Portpatrick, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
A late 13th-century castle built by Edward I, on a site near a motte raised by the Bruce family around 1160. Lochmaben is supposedly the birthplace of Robert the Bruce in 1274, though Turnberry Castle has perhaps a better claim. B7020, Lochmaben, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
MacLellan's Castle is a castellated town house, complete except for its roof, built in 1570's on the site of the medieval Greyfriars convent. The castle stands at the top of the main street in Kirkcudbright and is sometimes called Kirkcudbright Castle.
Castle Bank, Kirkudbright, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, DG6 4JD
A wonderfully atmospheric ruined castle dating back to the 13th century on a headland overlooking Morton Loch. The first fortress here was said to have been built in the 12th century by Dunegal, the Lord of Nithsdale. Carronbridge, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland
Standing in idyllic rural splendour in the Stewartry region of Dumfries-shire, is Orchardton Tower, a unique circular tower house dating to the 15th century. At the heart of the site is a strikingly well-preserved tower, almost completely circular in plan, standing four storeys high and built of rubble.