We are not certain what the meaning of Balmerino is; at first glance, it seems oddly Italian. It is possible that the name derives from 'bal', meaning town, and Merinach, a Celtic saint thought to have visited the region.
In 1215 Malcolm, the 7th Earl of Fife, founded an abbey at Culross for monks from KInloss Abbey in Moray. Culross was probably chosen because it was the birthplace of St Mungo and the site of a 6th century church built by St Serf. The new abbey was built on the ruins of St Serf's church, and early carved stones are on display inside the parish church. Kirk Street, Culross, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland, KY12 8JD
The ruins of a great Benedictine priory founded by Queen Margaret in the 1070's and elevated to abbey status by David I in 1128. Substantial remains of the church, domestic buildings and palace still stand. The western part of the building is the nave of the Abbey church, and the eastern end serves as the parish kirk. St Margaret's Street, Dunfermline, Fife, Scotland, KY12 7PE
When Alexander I was stormbound on Inchcolm Island in 1123 a hermit looked after his needs. In appreciation, Alexander founded an Augustinian abbey on the site. Well-preserved monastic buildings include the 13th-century octagonal chapter houses, 14th-century cloisters and parts of the abbey church. Inchcolm Island, Fife, Scotland
The priory of St Adrian on the Isle of May is traditionally thought to have been founded by David I for monks of Reading Abbey, sometime around 1135. Henry I, David's brother-in-law, was buried at Reading, so the association seems plausible.
A ruined 12th-century abbey for Tironensian monks from Kelso stands on the outskirts of Newburgh. The abbey was founded by the Earl of Huntingdon, and a pair of small stone coffins amid the ruins may be where the Earl's children were buried. Abbey Road, Newburgh, Fife, Scotland, KY14 6JP