Bishops Waltham Palace
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
Bishop's Waltham Palace was begun by Henry of Blois, Bishop of Winchester from 1129. Bishop Henry was the younger brother of King Stephen, and he needed a residence to reflect his status and power.
By the late 14th century the need for defence had lessened, and Bishop William Wykeham rebuilt the earlier castle as an imposing palatial residence, and much of the Palace ruins we see today are Bishop William's work. In the following century, Bishop Thomas Langton added a wall around the Palace site and built a garden house.
In 1182 Henry II called a council of nobles - a forerunner of our modern Parliament - to meet at Bishop's Waltham Palace and help plan a crusade. Another crusader to stay here was Richard the Lionheart, who was entertained here after his coronation. Margaret of Anjou slept here, in a luxurious bed, said to be the same one where Bishop William Waynfleete and Bishop William Wykeham died.
Henry V stayed at the Palace in 1415, and Henry VIII followed suit on his way to meet King Francis I of France at the Field of the Cloth of Gold in 1520. Mary I came here on her way to Winchester to marry Phillip II of Spain, and her sister Elizabeth I visited as well.
The centrepiece of the site is the ruined Great Hall, and a later farmhouse built within the ruins serves as a local museum. The 12th century west tower served as the main residence for the Bishops, and you can see remains of a Brewhouse, an important part of any medieval residence.
The Palace buildings were robbed for stone and you can see carved stone fragments from the Palace incorporated into many older buildings around Bishop's Waltham.
The Palace is an open site, accessible at any time, but the town museum has limited opening hours.
VisitingThe Palace is well signposted, but beware if you are using the postcode for your satnav and approaching from the east. Our satnav tried to send us on a circuitous route on narrow lanes behind the castle site. The correct access point is directly off the B2177 immediately east of its junction with Station Road. Also be aware that there no visitor facilities.
I found the Palace site intriguing to explore. Beyond the Great Hall, Brewery, and farmhouse much of the site is treed, with paths cut through very high grass. It gives the Palace the feel of being in an overgrown garden - and also makes good waterproof shoes a must if it is early in the morning or if it has been raining. The most impressive feature is the Great Hall, with its huge windows, and you can also look straight down into the chapel crypt, overshadowed by a large tree.
The farmhouse makes a wonderful contrast in historic architecture, standing beside the remains of the Brew House. The latter building is fascinating. It is huge, and points out just how important brewing was in an age when water was unsafe to drink, and beer (or wine) provided the only reasonable alternatives.
Most photos are available for licensing, please contact Britain Express image library.
About Bishops Waltham Palace
Address: Station Road, Bishops Waltham, Hampshire, England, SO32 1DH
Attraction Type: Abbey
Location: 5 m NE Junction 8 of M27
Website: Bishops Waltham Palace
English Heritage - see also: English Heritage memberships (official website)
OS: SU552 173
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
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NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
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St Cross Hospital - 8 miles (Historic Building)
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