Chester Castle, Agricola Tower
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
Chester Castle began as a simple earthwork motte and bailey fortress begun by William the Conqueror in 1170 (though built by the crown, the castle was owned by the Earls of Chester, but more on that in a moment).
It took another century before the perimeter wall was rebuilt in stone. In the 13th century, stone drum towers were added to defend the inner bailey, and stone walls were built to protect the outer bailey.
A further stone chamber was added in 1246, a Great Hall in 1250, and a grand gatehouse in 1292. Throughout the medieval period, the castle served as an administrative centre for the Earldom of Cheshire, though possession permanently passed to the crown after the death of the last Earl in 1237. When the castle was damaged by fire the new Shire Hall was built to take over that role.
Attached to the 12th century Agricola Tower is a small chapel dedicated to St Mary de Castro. Wall paintings dated to around 1220 were found in the chapel during restoration works in the 1980s. These paintings may have been made for Henry III, or possible, for Earl Ranulf III. Further fragments of medieval paintings can be seen in the vault.
The Agricola Tower is also variously known as the Magazine Tower and Caesar's Tower. There is access from the tower to the castle wall walk.
Most photos are available for licensing, please contact Britain Express image library.
About Chester Castle, Agricola Tower
Address: Grosvenor Street, Chester, Cheshire, England, CH1 2DN
Attraction Type: Castle
Location: The nearest car park is Assizes park on Grosvenor Street. Walls open at any time. Other access varies; see English Heritage website for details.
Website: Chester Castle, Agricola Tower
English Heritage - see also: English Heritage memberships (official website)
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
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Find other attractions tagged with:
12th century (Time Period) - 13th century (Time Period) - 18th century (Time Period) - castle (Architecture) - Henry III (Person) - Medieval (Time Period) - motte and bailey (Historical Reference) - Restoration (Historical Reference) - wall painting (Historical Reference) - wall paintings (Historical Reference) - William the Conqueror (Person) -
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Chester Roman Amphitheatre - 0.2 miles (Roman Site)
Grosvenor Museum - 0.2 miles (Museum)
Chester, St John the Baptist Church - 0.3 miles (Historic Church)
Eastgate Clock - 0.4 miles (Historic Building)
The Rows - 0.4 miles (Historic Building)
Chester Cathedral - 0.5 miles (Cathedral)
Roman Garden - 0.8 miles (Garden)
Hawarden Old Castle - 5.3 miles (Castle)
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