History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: Benenden School, formerly Hemsted House, stands on the outskirts of the village
On the outskirts of Benenden lies Benenden girls school, begun in 1924, using the buildings of Hemsted House, a historic house built by the first Lord Cranbrook in 1857, on the foundations of a much, much older house.
Following the Norman Conquest, the manor of Benenden was given by William the Conqueror to his half-brother Odo, Bishop of Bayeux. The village was mentioned in the Domesday Book of 1086, by which time it had already acquired a parish church, one of only four villages in the Weald important enough to do so.
The manor was granted to the Guldeford family by Richard II, and later visited by Elizabeth I. Hemsted House was sold in 1716 to Sir John Norris, Admiral of the Fleet. North's grandson, also named John, married an infamous courtesan named Kitty Fisher in 1766. Fisher, whose real name was Catherine Marie Fischer, is remembered in the children's rhyme:
Lucy Locket lost her pocket
Kitty Fisher found it
Fisher was extremely popular among the villagers of Benenden, and had a reputation for generosity to the poor; unfortunately, she died only four months after her marriage, either from smallpox or, perhaps, from the effects of using lead-based cosmetics. She was buried in the Norris family vault in Benenden church. The graves of later Lords Cranbrook can be seen in the churchyard.
Two Roman roads lead through the parish, and there is evidence of Iron Age settlements. There are over 20 Wealden hall houses in the village dating from 1470-1500, suggesting that Benenden was a very prosperous place in the Middle Ages. Much of this prosperity was based upon cloth making, and many people were involved in the creation of cloth, from weaving, dyeing, fulling, and sheering.
St George's church originally had a large detached steeple, but this was struck by lightning in 1672.
There are several historic almshouses in the village, including an 18th-century house in The Street. Nearby is Queen's Well, built to commemorate the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria in 1887. Across from the well is St George's Club, built in 1881 by George Devey for Lord Cranbrook.
There are several interesting historic buildings fronting onto the Green, including 17th-century Clevelands, the Edmond Gibbon School (1609). At one corner is the Bull Inn, a picturesque pub dating to circa 1608.
The village sign at the bottom of the green says a lot about this lovely village; it shows a man in a top hat playing cricket on the green. Sure enough, when we visited, modern cricketers were enjoying themselves on the wicket in the centre of the green, just behind the village sign!
The church of St George stands at the top of the green. It is a largely 14th and 15th-century building, restored in the 18th and again in the 19th century. Within the church are memorials to the Norris and Gathorne-Hardy families.
Benenden is an absolute delight; a lovely, peaceful Wealden village full of historic interest.
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Address: Benenden, Kent, England
Attraction Type: Village
Location: On the B2086 3 miles west of Tenterden
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
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15th century (Time Period) - 17th century (Time Period) - 18th century (Time Period) - 19th century (Time Period) - Domesday Book (Historical Reference) - Duke of Wellington (Person) - Elizabeth I (Person) - Iron Age (Architecture) - Norman (Architecture) - Queen Victoria (Person) - Richard II (Person) - Roman (Time Period) - William the Conqueror (Person) -
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low-exceptional) on historic interest
Benenden, St George's Church - 0 miles (Historic Church)
Hole Park - 1.6 miles (Garden)
Rolvenden, St Mary the Virgin - 2.6 miles (Historic Church)
Cranbrook Museum - 2.9 miles (Museum)
Sissinghurst Castle Garden - 3.1 miles (Garden)
Newenden, St Peter's Church - 3.7 miles (Historic Church)
Bodiam, St Giles Church - 4.3 miles (Historic Church)
Bodiam Castle - 4.4 miles (Castle)
Nearest Accommodation to Benenden: