History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
The Arts and Crafts pioneer William Morris called Bibury 'the most beautiful village in England' and it is easy to see why. Honey-toned cottages of Cotswold stone line the slow-moving River Coln and an ivy-covered coaching inn stands watch by the bridge over the peaceful river. Bibury is a timeless place; the sort of place that visitors to England imagine all English villages to be like.
The origins of Bibury are unclear, but we know that in the early 8th century estates here were given by Bishop Wilfrith of Worcester to Earl Leppas and his daughter Beaga (Ad 721-743). The settlement was known as Beagan-byrig, or Beaga's enclosure. Over time the named evolved to become Bibury.
This row of picturesque Grade I listed stone cottages form perhaps THE classic Cotswold view and have appeared on countless calendar covers and postcards. It is, without doubt, one of the most frequently photographed sites in Britain.
The cottages date to the 14th century and were first used for storing wool by the monks of Osney Abbey.
The row was altered in the 17th century to create several dwellings for weavers. The entire row of cottages are owned by the National Trust but let to tenants, so there is no access to the interiors. The Trust rents one of the cottages for self-catering holidays.
The cottage face onto the old mill stream, with views across the Rack Isle nature reserve, creating a beautifully timeless appearance. Rack Isle lies at the heart of Bibury. This large area of boggy meadowland provides a habitat for unusual water-loving plants including yellow flag iris and pink ragged robin. During the summer months, you can see a small herd of belted Galloway cattle grazing in the reserve.
Rack Isle earned its name as a place where the weavers of Arlington Row hung wool out to dry on racks after it had been washed.
Bibury Trout Farm
At the northern edge of the village is the Trout Farm, established in 1902 and one of the oldest working trout farms in the country. The fishery offers families the chance to 'catch their own' in a relaxed atmosphere. or you can simply buy freshly-caught fish in the shop.
Bibury's most picturesque building is the Swann Hotel, standing opposite the east side of the bridge across the River Coln. This ivy-clad former coaching inn was built in the middle of the 18th century, though records show that an inn was recorded on this site at least as early as 1672. At one time it was used to hold manor court sessions, and the village lock-up stood immediately to the north.
St Mary's Church
The attractive medieval church is tucked away down a lane at the eastern edge of the village. The first church on this site was probably built in the 8th century, and a church was recorded in the Domesday Book of 1086 when it was owned by St Mary's Priory in Worcester. In 1130 the church was granted to Osney Abbey, near Oxford, and Osney retained it until the Dissolution of the Monasteries under Henry VIII.
Historical highlights include a Saxon gravestone set into an exterior buttress, and Saxon capitals supporting the chancel arch. The font dates to the 13th century, and there are pieces of stained glass from the same period in the sanctuary.
There are an exceptional 123 listed buildings in Bibury, an extraordinary number for a small village. Of these, 116 are listed Grade II. There are four buildings listed Grade I - the highest designation. These include the weavers' cottages on Arlington Row, the parish church of St Mary, Ablington Manor, and Bibury Court.
Bibury Court, now a hotel, is a large Elizabethan country house. In 1633 Sir Thomas Sackville added a new range and wing. Near the house are a stable and coach house, both built in the Tudor period.
Ablington Manor is another large country house, built in 1590 for John Coxwell with 17th-century additions and Georgian alterations. adorning the ornate porch are statues of Queen Elizabeth, James I, Henry VIII, Queen Mary, and her husband Philip of Spain.
Bibury is on the B2425 between Barnsley and Aldsworth. It can also be reached by a minor road from the nearby village of Coln St Aldwyns. There is free parking along the west side of the B4425 between Church Road and the Swan Inn, and another small (and also free) parking area immediately west of the bridge, opposite the Trout Farm.
That might sound like a lot of parking - and it is - but Bibury is so popular with visitors that it can sometimes be difficult to find a parking spot, particularly during the summer months when tour buses regularly descend on the village in droves. I highly recommend getting there early or late in the day to avoid the crowds.
Bibury is perhaps the quintessential Cotswold village. Our family has lived a few miles away for over 15 years and we've visited more times than I can count. It truly is a beautiful village - just do yourself a favour and come when the crowds at their lowest levels.
Most photos are available for licensing, please contact Britain Express image library.
Address: Bibury, Cotswolds, Gloucestershire, England
Attraction Type: Town
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.
Historic Time Periods:
Find other attractions tagged with:
13th century (Time Period) - 15th century (Time Period) - 17th century (Time Period) - 19th century (Time Period) - 8th century (Time Period) - barrow (Historical Reference) - Celtic (Architecture) - hill fort (Historical Reference) - Iron Age (Architecture) - Norman (Architecture) - Perpendicular (Architecture) - Saxon (Time Period) - Tudor (Time Period) - William Morris (Person) -
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest
Bibury, St Mary's Church - 0.2 miles (Historic Church)
Winson, St Michael's Church - 2 miles (Historic Church)
Quenington, St. Swithin's Church - 2.2 miles (Historic Church)
Barnsley, St Mary's Church - 2.5 miles (Historic Church)
Coln Rogers Saxon Church - 2.6 miles (Historic Church)
Barnsley House Garden - 2.6 miles (Garden)
Coln St Dennis Church - 3.3 miles (Historic Church)
Ampney St Peter Church - 3.8 miles (Historic Church)
Nearest Accommodation to Bibury: