Ludgershall Medieval Market Cross
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: Good (though worn) 14th-century carvings
Each face of the cross base is carved with an elaborate niche, and within each niche are Biblical scenes. Though the carvings are very worn in places, it is the detail of carving that makes the Ludgershall cross such an important historical survivor.
The cross would have originally stood in an open market place about 50m south-west of its present location. The medieval market site has been built over and is no longer visible.
We do not know exactly when the first market was held in Ludgershall, but it must have been at least 1255, when records show that several inhabitants of the town committed offences at the market. The market continued until at least 1756, but by the late 18th century Ludgershall was no longer a market town.
The cross may have been the gift of Edward III (reigned 1327–77) and Queen Philippa, who are known to have stayed at Ludgershall Castle. With a royal presence at the castle, the town and its market would have been an important centre for trade.
The original cross stood 6-7m high, with a tall octagonal shaft rising above the surviving base. It acted as a focal point for not just market trading but also for religious processions.
The East Face
This face of the cross (facing the Queen's Head pub) is carved with The Descent from the Cross, showing Christ's body being lowered from the cross. You can clearly see the cross itself, the figure of Mary on the left and St John to the right, holding a Bible. Two smaller figures representing Nicodemus and Joseph of Arimathea lower the body from the cross. The figure of Nicodemus is removing the final nail holding Christ to the cross.
The South Face
The southern panel depicts a tall central figure flanked by two small figures. Historians disagree on the meaning of this scene. One theory is that it depicts the Three Marys (Mary Magdalene and two other Marys, among them Mary of Clopas). An alternative theory is that this scene depicts the Road to Emmaus, with the taller figure representing Christ meeting two of his disciples.
The West Face
Facing the road (away from the pub) is a scene that may represent the Harrowing of Hell. Here you see four identical figures inside a cave-like structure, each with their arms upraised. Facing them outside the structure is a large figure with its right arm aloft, perhaps golding a spear. This may represent Jesus breaking open the gates of Hell.
The final, north face of the cross is very worn and very hard to interpret. It may depict Christ rising up to heaven (the Ascension).
The cross is protected by iron railings erected in 1897 to commemorate Queen Victoria's Diamond Jubilee.
The market cross is outside the Queens's Head pub on the High Street (the A342) in the centre of the town. There is on-street parking, or you can park at the Ludgershall Castle car park, 100 yards away. The cross is not signposted but it is very easy to see on the east side of the road.
About Ludgershall Medieval Market Cross
Address: High Street, Ludgershall, Wiltshire, England, SP11 9QR
Attraction Type: Historic Building
Location: On High Street outside the Queen's Head pub. Parking along the street.
Website: Ludgershall Medieval Market Cross
English Heritage - see also: English Heritage memberships (official website)
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest
Ludgershall Castle - 0.2 miles (Castle)
South Tidworth, St Mary's Church - 2.6 miles (Historic Church)
Chute Forest, St Mary's Church - 2.8 miles (Historic Church)
Everleigh, St Peter's Church - 4.5 miles (Historic Church)
East Grafton, St Nicholas Church - 5.8 miles (Historic Church)
Wilton Windmill - 6.6 miles (Historic Building)
Crofton Beam Engines - 7 miles (Museum)
Netheravon Dovecote - 7.2 miles (Historic Building)
Nearest Holiday Cottages to Ludgershall Medieval Market Cross: