Caerleon Roman Fortress, Baths, and Amphitheatre
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: Rare 1st-century barracks remains
The Roman Bath
Located just a stone's throw from the National Roman Legion Museum on the High Street are the remains of the bath s established for the soldiers of the 2nd Legion.
One of the interesting items on display at the Baths museum are two sections of lead pipe used to bring water to the site. There is also an extremely fine section of mosaic showing part of an animal, and an exposed area of hypocaust.
A short walk from the barracks and just outside the town walls, stand the remains of the Caerleon Amphitheatre, where soldiers and citizens of Isca came to relax and enjoy entertainment like animal hunts and gladiators in combat. The amphitheatre is huge, with sloped banks for seating over 6000 spectators, and was erected around 90 AD. The building of the amphitheatre outside the fort walls shows that this area of south Wales must have ben fully under Roman control, only 16 years afte the fort was built.
The amphitheatre was not used solely for blood-sports; it was also used by the military as a parade ground. Running along the field boundary to the north of the amphitheatre is a very well-preserved section of the original fort wall.
The amphitheatre is oval, broken up into 8 sections by passage between the high banks of seating. It is 184 feet long and 136 feet wide and there were two processional ways, one at each long end. Halfway along the oval on each side were seats of honour for dignitaries, equivalent to modern box seats. Below these were small chambers where the humans, or animals, waited to enter the arena. One of these lower chambers has a small niche set into the wall, presumably for a shrine to the godes Nemesis, who controlled fate and divine vengeance.
This really is quite an impressive site; the scale of the seating shows how popular the entertainments were; the total number of seats was more than the number of men serving in the 2nd Legion. You can walk out into the centre of the arena floor and look up ant the sloping stands, and imagine what it would be like to be a gladiator, with 6000 people watching you. Its quite a staggering sensation.
During the Middle Ages the amphitheatre was known as King Arthur's Round Table.
About 5 minutes walk from the baths is the remains of the soldier's barracks. The barrack at Caerleon is the only complete barrack in Europe open to the public. This large site held 3 blocks of barracks, and the foundation walls make out easy to make out the layout of the site. Eight soldiers shared a room for sleeping linked to a room for storing their gear. The size of the rooms is remarkably small by modern standards. Near the barack buildings were communal toilets, and at one end of the complex you can see the remains of a bread oven.
You can also see remains of the fortress walls, a gate and corner turret, cookhouses, and latrine drains. The site is well signposted from Broadway, near the Amphitheatre, but there are no information panels at the site to help you understand what you are looking at. That's a real shame, as the barracks are quite impressive, and it would be really useful to have a way to understand what the different buildings were used for.
Caerleon is very well signposted from surrounding roads. There is paid parking on High Street beside the Roman Bath Museum, and free parking on Broadway, near the Amphitheatre and Barracks. Don't miss the National Roman Legion Museum, also on High Street.
To say that the Roman remains at Caerleon are impressive is a massive understatement. The amphitheatre is the best I have ever seen; the sheer size of the site is awe-inspiring. The barracks are quite impressive, too, and the baths museum provides a fascinating glimpse into leisure time in the Roman fortress. Highly recommended!
About Caerleon Roman Fortress
Address: High Street, Caerleon, Gwent, Wales, NP18 1AE
Attraction Type: Roman Site
Location: Several sites are scattered around the centre of Caerleon. Parking area near the baths on the High Street, and on Broadway near the Amphitheatre. Easy access, and very good signposting. Use postcode NP18 1AE for the Roman Baths museum.
Website: Caerleon Roman Fortress
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest
National Roman Legion Museum, Caerleon - 0.2 miles (Museum)
Caerleon Castle - 0.3 miles (Castle)
Newport Castle - 2 miles (Castle)
Llantarnam Abbey - 2.2 miles (Abbey)
Newport, St Woolos Cathedral - 2.5 miles (Cathedral)
Bellevue Park, Newport - 2.7 miles (Garden)
Tredegar House - 4.3 miles (Historic House)
Penhow Castle - 5.4 miles (Historic House)
Nearest Accommodation to Caerleon Roman Fortress: