History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: 14th-century fortified tower
In 1735 the castle was heavily damaged by fire, traditionally said to have been caused by a careless maid. It was not rebuilt, and the Boyd family moved into the town centre of Kilmarnock. Lord William Boyd then made a drastic miscalculation; he supported the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion under Bonnie Prince Charlie. After te Jacobite cause faltered, Lord Boyd was executed for treason. His heir, trying to distance himself both literally and figuratively from his father's actions, sold Dean Castle and moved his family to Aberdeenshire. He also changed the family name, seeking to cover his Jacobite past. According to our wonderfully informative tour guide, this has caused no end of confusion for modern Boyds trying to trace their family tree, for the Aberdeenshire branch of the Boyd family seems to suddenly die out!
You can see the cellars, Great Hall, and courtyard at any time, but I do recommend taking a free tour, which are given at regular intervals throughout the day. Tours take about 40 minutes and can be booked at the Great Hall. Our guide was extremely knowledgable about the castle and the history of the Boyd family, and really helped bring the castle to life.
As well as the arms, armour, and musical instruments on display there are also mementos of Robert Burns, and souvenirs relating to Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobite rebellions. There are medieval tapestries from Brussels, dating to as early as 1475, plus a local collection of textiles and costume, most of it from the period 1850-1920. The local textile examples are mostly women's clothing, including examples of local lace and embroidery.
Part of the original grant of Dean Castle to the town of Kilmarnock, this collection amassed by the 8th Lord Howard de Walden incudes full and half-armour from the 16th century, and rare swords dating from the Viking period through to the 17th century, including several Crusader swords. The swords come from all across Europe, including highly prized examples from the swordsmiths of Toledo and Milan.
There are over 100 European instruments on show, including lutes and guitars from as early as the 16th century. There are early keyboard instruments dating to around 1500, including spinnets, a harpsichord, and organ. There are wind instruments from the 16th-19th centuries, with very early examples of a recorder, oboe and flute.
I've noticed that historic castles preserved in country parks never seem to get the publicity of 'stand-alone' castles. I don't know why that should be, but in the case of Dean Castle and its nearby neighbour, Eglinton Castle, I'd say that holds true; both are what you'd call 'hidden historic gems'. Dean Castle is a fascinating mix of 14th century, late medieval, Jacobean, and Edwardian buildings.
It is interesting to see how the castle changed and developed from the early fortified tower to the later, comfortable apartments. The setting is certainly attractive, directly beside a flowing burn and a deer enclosure, with park and gardens stretching out in front of the castle walls.
About Dean Castle
Address: Dean Road, Kilmarnock, Ayrshire, Scotland, KA3 1XB
Attraction Type: Castle
Location: In Dean Castle Country Park. Well signposted from major routes around Kilmarnock. Free parking. Timed tours of the castle interior, but the exterior is viewable at any time.
Website: Dean Castle
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest
Rowallan Castle - 1.9 miles (Castle)
Dundonald Castle - 5.4 miles (Castle)
Irvine Burns Club - 7.2 miles (Museum)
Eglinton Castle - 7.5 miles (Castle)
Bachelors' Club - 7.6 miles (Museum)
Scottish Maritime Museum - 7.7 miles (Museum)
Burns House Museum - 8.4 miles (Museum)
Kilwinning Abbey - 8.6 miles (Abbey)
Nearest Accommodation to Dean Castle:
Nearby accommodation is calculated 'as the crow flies' from Dean Castle. 'Nearest' may involve a long drive up and down glens or, if you are near the coast, may include a ferry ride! Please check the property map to make sure the location is right for you.