Tower of London Timeline
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
1080 - The Chapel of St. John is consecrated
1100 - The very first prisoner in the Tower, Ranulf Flambard, Bishop of Durham, escapes by climbing down a rope.
1140 - The Tower is first used as a royal residence
1221 - Building of the Wakefield Tower
1241 - The White Tower is whitewashed
1264 - The Royal Menagerie begun
1297 - John Baliol, King of Scotland, imprisoned in the Tower.
1300 - The Beauchamp Tower built.
1322 - The Ceremony of the Keys begun.
1381 - Peasant's Revolt. The Tower is stormed by an angry mob.
1450 - Rebels under Jack Cade attack the Tower
1471 - King Henry VI dies mysteriously, probably murdered, in the Tower.
1483 - Disappearance of the Princes in the Tower.
1512 - St. Peter ad Vincula destroyed by fire.
1520 - St. Peter ad Vincula completely rebuilt.
1530 - Building of Queen's House
1532 - Rebuilding of St. Thomas Tower
1536 - Anne Boleyn beheaded on Tower Green
1554 - Lady Jane Grey executed.
1597 - Catholic priest John Gerard escapes after being tortured severely.
1613 - Death of Sir Thomas Overbury, probably by poison.
1649-1660 - Cromwell's rule sees the Crown Jewels melted down and sold. Many pieces were later recovered by the crown.
1660 - The Tower ceased regular use a prison. Defences were improved, and the garrison was used to keep the peace in London. Most of the Tower now administered by the Office of Ordnance.
1660 - First sightseers admitted to the Tower. It has never been the same since!
1671 - Colonel Thomas Blood attempts to steal the Crown Jewels from the Martin Tower. Blood is captured but mysteriously pardoned by the king.
1663 - 1664 - New Armouries built
1674 - Discovery of bones thought to be those of the 'Princes in the Tower' during renovation work
1688 - The building of the Grand Storehouse as a store for armaments
1689 - The notorious Judge Jeffreys dies in the Tower
1804 - The royal menagerie opened to the public for the first time.
1834-1835 - The Royal Menagerie moved from the Lion Tower to form the London Zoo. Most of the Lion Tower demolished
1842-1862 - Waterloo Barracks built, along with the Royal Fusilier's Museum
1843 - The moat is drained and filled
1848 - The Tower is refortified as a precaution in light of revolutionary ideas sweeping Europe
1851 - Architect Anthony Salvin brought in to restore the Tower
1914-1916 - during WWI a total of 11 German prisoners were shot as spies in the Tower
1939-1945 - Severe bomb damage to many parts of the tower during WWII
1942 - Rudolf Hess briefly held in the King's House
1952 - The Krays held in the tower for 4 days, making them among the very last prisoners to be held here
1994 - The Crown Jewels were moved to a new location in the Jewel House
Tower of London
Address: Tower Hill, London, Greater London, England, EC3N 4AB
Attraction Type: Castle
OS: TQ335 806
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
Nearest station: Tower Hill - 0.1 miles (straight line) - Zone: 1
Note: You can get Free Entry to Tower of London with the London Pass
We've 'tagged' this attraction information to help you find related historic attractions and learn more about major time periods mentioned.
Historic Time Periods:
Find other attractions tagged with:
Anne Boleyn (Person) - castle (Architecture) - Charles II (Person) - Cromwell (Person) - Henry III (Person) - Henry VI (Person) - Jane Grey (Person) - moat (Historical Reference) - Norman (Architecture) - Roman (Time Period) - William the Conqueror (Person) -
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest
All Hallows-by-the-Tower - 0.2 miles (Historic Church)
St Olave, Hart Street - 0.2 miles (Historic Church)
All Hallows Staining - 0.3 miles (Historic Church)
HMS Belfast - 0.3 miles (Museum)
Tower Bridge - 0.4 miles (Museum)
St Botolph without Aldgate - 0.4 miles (Historic Church)
Leadenhall Market - 0.4 miles (Historic Building)
London Monument - 0.4 miles (Historic Building)
Nearest Accommodation to Timeline: