Ford's Hospital Almshouse, Coventry
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: Timber-framed Tudor doorways
Tucked away on a quiet side street off New Union Street is one of Coventry's historic treasures, an early 16th-century timber-framed almshouse known as Ford's Hospital. The Hospital is generally considered one of the finest examples of 16th-century domestic architecture in England. When Shakespeare's Globe Theatre in London was reconstructed in the late 20th century historians studied the doorways of Ford's Hospital to understand building techniques of the time.
'Hospital' in this case has a different meaning to our modern concept of a place for healing illness and injury. Think of Ford's Hospital as the equivalent of subsidised housing for elderly people.
The Hospital has been known by several names over its long history, including Greyfriars Hospital, The Bede House, and Pisford's Hospital.
The almshouse, or hospital, was founded in 1509 by William Ford to provide housing for five elderly men and one woman. In addition, funds were provided for a priest who was to live in the Hospital and use the adjoining chapel. Ford was a wealthy wool merchant and former Mayor of Coventry.
Another endowment by William Pisford in 1517 expanded the Hospital to provide for six couples. A third endowment in 1529 by William Wigston enabled the Hospital to provide housing for eleven elderly couples, and give each a weekly allowance.
You can see the date 1529 on the wall, but this is not the date the almshouse was built but the date that feoffees were appointed to administer the Hospital. After 1800 it became a home for elderly women only.
The almshouse is built with a jettied frontage facing Greyfriars Lane. The first floor projects well out over the ground floor, and three timber-framed gables project even further. In the centre of the ground floor, a doorway leads down a narrow passage to a gate that gives access to a wonderfully picturesque courtyard. The only real concession to the passage of time in the courtyard are rainwater heads and downpipes. The heads date to 1784.
Like so many historic buildings in central Coventry Ford's Hospital was damaged by bombs during WWII. On 14 October 1940, the building was struck by a bomb which killed six residents, a nurse, and the Hospital warden. Though the building sustained damage, it was not beyond repair. The restoration took 13 years and used original timber and brick salvaged from the bombed-out site. The Hospital was altered to create large, fully self-contained apartments.
Amidst the bombing rubble a section of 14th century tiled floor was unearthed. One floor tile showed a black eagle, symbol of Earl Leofric of Mercia who did so much to make Coventry a major mercantile town in the 11th century. The symbol suggests that a chapel associated with Greyfriars Priory (see our article on Christchurch Spire) stood on the site before Ford's Hospital was erected.
Ford's Hospital, along with several other historic buildings in Coventry, featured in a 2009 episode of Doctor Who, entitled The Shakespeare Code.
Since the Hospital is in use as a residence the interior is only open to the public for the annual Heritage Open Days event in September. However, you can easily view the exterior facing Greyfriars Street, with the beautifully carved 16th century timbers. You can also peep through the barred gate into the incredibly picturesque inner courtyard. Unfortunately a stone wall surrounds the property and blocks views of the gardens and the rear of the building.
About Ford's Hospital Almshouse
Address: Greyfriars Lane, Coventry, West Midlands, England, CV1 2GY
Attraction Type: Historic Building - Almshouse
Location: On the east side of Greyfriars Lane, north of New Union Street. Exterior views only except for Heritage Open Day events.
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest
Coventry, Christchurch Spire - 0.1 miles (Historic Church)
Coventry, Cheylesmore Manor (The Register) - 0.1 miles (Historic Building)
Coventry Council House - 0.1 miles (Historic Building)
Coventry, St Mary's Guildhall - 0.1 miles (Historic Building)
Coventry Cross - 0.2 miles (Historic Building)
Coventry, Holy Trinity Church - 0.2 miles (Historic Church)
Coventry Cathedral - 0.2 miles (Cathedral)
Coventry, Lychgate Cottages - 0.2 miles (Historic Building)
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