South Molton, Devon
South Molton, Devon

South Molton is an attractive market town on the southern fringes of Exmoor, with a history dating back to the Saxon period. The town is centred on a wide market square ringed by historical buildings.

History

There was a sizeable settlement at South Molton by the middle of the 7th century. By the time of the Domesday Book of 1086, the town could support four priests, an indication of great wealth and status. The town became a borough in 1150 and was granted not one, but two, Royal Borough charters, one by Elizabeth I in 1590 and the second by Charles II in 1684.

South Molton became a major trading centre for the wool trade, and it was the wealth of the local wool merchants that was responsible for the many attractive buildings that are arrayed around the market square. Visitors can follow a Heritage Trail linking the most interesting of these historic sites.

The Guildhall
The Guildhall

In 1655 South Molton was at the centre of the Penruddock Uprising, an ultimately futile attempt by the Royalist leader Sir john Penruddock to restore Charles II to the English throne.

The Uprising came to an abrupt end after a three-hour battle through the streets of the town, where New Model Army cavalry led by Cpt. Unton Croke defeated Penruddock's men and forced the Royalists to surrender. Penruddock and 11 other leaders were executed.

Guildhall

Fronting onto Broad Street is South Molton's attractive Georgian town hall, built from 1739 and 1743. Many of the Guildhall's period furnishings were brought from Stowe House in Kilkhampton, Cornwall, a mansion owned by the 1st Earl of Bath that was pulled down in 1739.

The Guildhall is topped by a cupola and clock added in 1753. Look for the bust of Hugh Squier set into a central niche in the Guildhall's facade. Squier (1625-1710) was a native of South Molton and a benefactor best known for establishing a free school here in 1684.

On the first floor of the Guildhall is the South Molton Museum, tracing the history of the town over time. among items of interest are two historic fire engines, archaeological artefacts, textiles, and farming tools.

The Pannier Market exterior
The Pannier Market exterior

Pannier Market

Reached through the Guildhall is the Grade I listed Pannier Market, built between 1863 and 1864 to offer a covered space to holders of market stalls. Above the market area was an assembly Room for public gatherings. The Pannier Market is still home to a lively market, currently held on Thursdays and Saturdays, with Sunday flea markets.

St Mary Magdalene Church

There has been a church in South Molton since at least the late Saxon period, but the present building dates to the 15th century and is an excellent example of Perpendicular Gothic style.

The church is worth visiting for its collection of Green Men carvings. There are 12 carvings, including an unusual figure to the left of the chancel arch that shows the Green Man with foliage flowing from his fingertips. The column capitals in the nave are richly carved with scenes from everyday life in the medieval period.

Green Man carving, St Mary Magdalane Church
Green Man carving, St Mary Magdalane Church

In the churchyard's north wall is Wagstaffe's Gate, so named for the Royalist leader Sir Joseph Wagstaffe, who, during Penruddock's Uprising, escaped his Parliamentarian enemies by jumping his horse over the churchyard wall on this spot.

One South Molton visitor attraction creates more buzz than any other; Quince Honey Farm holds the largest exhibition of honey bees in the world. Watch a beekeeping demonstration, try your hand at making a beeswax candle, and learn how bees produce such delicious honey!

South Molton is the perfect place to explore Exmoor and the rugged North Devon coastline. It is no wonder that the town enjoys its reputation as 'The Gateway to Exmoor'.

Castle Hill Garden
Castle Hill Garden

Three miles away is historic Castle Hill Gardens, an exquisite Palladian landscape dating to 1730 and laid out by the Fortescue family as an artistically-arranged landscape on a grand scale, with follies, sham castles, arches, and mock temples in neoclassical style.

Getting There

South Molton is located just off the A361 about 12 miles east of Barnstaple. There is paid parking off Mill Street (EX36 4AS) and between New Road and South Street (EX36 4BH).

Most photos are available for licensing, please contact Britain Express image library.

About South Molton
Address: South Molton, Devon, England, EX36 4BH
Attraction Type: Town
Location: 12 miles east of Barnstaple, off the A361.
Website: South Molton
Location map
OS: SS716257
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express


NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS

Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest

South Molton, St Mary Magdalene Church - 0.2 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

Castle Hill Gardens - 3.3 miles (Garden) Heritage Rating

Satterleigh, St Peter's Church - 3.7 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

Warkleigh, St John the Evangelist Church - 4.9 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

Chittlehampton, St Hieritha's Church - 5 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

Molland, St Mary's Church - 5.9 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

Cobbaton Combat Collection - 6.4 miles (Museum) Heritage Rating

Swimbridge, St James Church - 6.4 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating



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