South Stoke, St Andrew's Church, Oxfordshire
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: 17th-century Dr Griffith Higgs memorial
A large church in a pretty village on the east bank of the River Thames, St Andrew's dates to the early 13th century, though there was almost certainly a much earlier church on this spot. The parish is thought to have been founded in Saxon period by St Birinus, but the earliest part of the church we see today is a pair of lancets in the south aisle and north wall. Fragments of medieval glass are gathered in the south aisle window.
The church was completely rebuilt in the first quarter of the 13th century, using local flint and rubble. In layout is consists of a nave, chancel, north and south aisles, south porch, west tower, and vestry.
The dedication to St Andrew may be because Birinius, who founded many churches in the Thames Valley, came from the Abbey of St Andrew in Rome. St Andrew was also a fisherman, and fishing, particularly for eels, was an essential part of life for the local inhabitants.
The Higgs Memorial
St Andrews is especially interesting for its memorials. In the chancel is a mural monument to Dr Griffiths Higgs, Dean of Lichfield and once chaplain to Elizabeth Stuart, Queen of Bohemia (The winter queen). Higgs was born in 1589 and was baptised at South stoke. He attended St Johns College, Oxford, and became first a Fellow, then a Master, at Merton College. In 1627 Charles I sent him to his sister Elizabeth, Queen of Bohemia, to be her Chaplain, a post he filled for a dozen years.
Higgs was recalled to England by the Archbishop of Canterbury and eventually served as Chaplain to Charles I himself. He lost his position in the Civil War due to his Royalist associations and retired to South Stoke. On his death in 1659 he gave £100 to buy land for the poor and the huge sum of £600 to fund a free school in perpetuity.
Unfortunately for Higgs' noble intentions, his nephew embezzled the money! The villainous nephew's conscience bothered him in the end and he repented. He was buried outside the church door so that every visitor steps on his grave!
The large font is 13th century, though the base appears older. The chancel arch and large east window are 14th century, as is the south doorway. In the south aisle is a canopied statue niche in Decorated Gothic style (14th century).
On the north wall is another niche, of a slightly later date. Look for the corbels supporting the niches; they are nicely carved with faces, though the carving has been defaced, probably during the Reformation.
In the centre aisle are a pair of 18th-century grave slabs to William and John Clackson, and in the chancel is a 13th-century piscina, with another by the south door and a third on the north wall.
In the chancel are three chairs; two are Victorian 'Glastonbury Chairs', but the third is 14th century; a remarkable survival that was used by clergy until 1857. On the north wall is a fragmentary wall painting from the late 16th century.
We visited St Andrews as part of a wonderful walk along the Thames Path, taking in historic churches at North Stoke, Mongewell, and Newnham Murrent. I can highly recommend the route for a lovely walk on a sunny day!
Most photos are available for licensing, please contact Britain Express image library.
About South Stoke
Address: The Street, South Stoke, Oxfordshire, England, RG8 0JS
Attraction Type: Historic Church
Location: On 'The Street', just north of the Perch and Pike pub. On street parking. Usually open daylight hours.
Website: South Stoke
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest
North Stoke, St Mary's Church - 1.8 miles (Historic Church)
Mongewell, St John's Church - 2.7 miles (Historic Church)
Lower Basildon, St Bartholomew's Church - 2.9 miles (Historic Church)
Newnham Murren, St Mary's Church - 3.2 miles (Historic Church)
Basildon Park - 3.4 miles (Historic House)
Wallingford, St Leonard's Church - 3.5 miles (Historic Church)
Wallingford, St Mary le More Church - 3.6 miles (Historic Church)
Wallingford, St Peter's Church - 3.7 miles (Historic Church)
Nearest Accommodation to South Stoke: