The county town of is not, as you might reasonably expect, Buckingham, but the larger and more centrally located Aylesbury. Clustered around Aylesbury are several of Buckinghamshire's most popular visitor attractions, including Waddesdon Manor, the ornate French-style country home of the influential (read "filthy-rich") Rothschild banking family.
Waddesdon, now administered by the National Trust, was created as an ornate showpiece to display the de Rothschild collections of fine art, Sevres porcelain, and furniture.
The epithet "charming" is too loosely applied in travel writing, but surely the town of Amersham must qualify. The attractive high street is a mix of Georgian and half-timbered buildings. Along the Thames river are more villages of the "charming" variety. Marlow, with its suspension bridge across the river and its cascading weir, was once the home of the poet Percy Shelley, while upriver is Medmenham, whose picturesque calm belies its past as home of the licentious Hellfire Club, which gathered in the ruins of Medmenham Abbey.
Winslow is another attractive Buckinghamshire village, blessed with half-timbered thatched cottages and ornate Winslow Hall, believed to be the work of Sir Christopher Wren. At Stoke Poges is the parish church which inspired Thomas Gray's Elegy Written in an Country Churchyard, while the poet himself lies buried in the churchyard. Also on the Thames is Eton, site of one of the oldest and most prestigious "public schools" in England. Located just across the river from Windsor and its royal castle, Eton boasts superb medieval buildings, and the school itself can be visited.
If all this talk of quiet repose and peaceful villages is not your cup of tea, visit Olney, where the annual Shrovetide Pancake Races began in 1445. Go back even further in time at Wing, where the church is one of the finest Anglo-Saxon buildings in England. Just outside Wing is historic Ascott House, another of the superb Rothschild houses in the area.
Hughenden Manor was the home of Benjamin Disraeli, Prime Minister and popular author. Much of the house is as Disraeli left it at his death here in 1881. Disraeli is buried in the village churchyard, and his Knight of the Garter insignia adorn the chancel arch of the church.