Illustrated Dictionary of British Churches - Romanesque Definition

History and Architecture

Romanesque

A style of early medieval architecture based on classical Roman style. The most easily recognisable characterstics of Romanesque architecture are thick, heavy columns and rounded arches. Vaulting was very simple, usually in the barrel style.

Characteristic Romanesque features include:

  • Rounded arches
  • Barrel vaults
  • Chevron pattern decorations
  • Doors recessed in three orders

The Romanesque period in Britain can be roughly dated to the years 1066-1180, and the term is sometimes used interchangeably with 'Norman'. See our English architecture article for more details on Romanesque style.

Related: Vaulting  




National Trust

National Trust membership

National Trust membership

Free entry to National Trust properties throughout England, Wales, and Northern Ireland, plus discounted admission to National Trust for Scotland properties.

Membership details

About the National Trust


HISTORY CORNER
Name the mystery historic attraction
See larger image



This famous landscape garden designer gained his odd nickname from his habit of telling clients that their estates had 'great capability of improvement'



24 July, 1567

Mary, Queen of Scots abdicates

Mary, imprisoned at Lochleven Castle, is forced to cede the throne to her son, the infant James VI

This sickly monarch died at the age of 16, leaving the throne to his elder sister



Passionate about British Heritage!