Illustrated Dictionary of British Churches - Bench End Definition

History and Architecture

Bench End

Bench end is the term usually applied to the wooden end panel of a church pew. In many cases these bench ends were highly decorated with carvings, ranging from religious symbols to heraldic shields, to political lampoons (see Brent Knoll in Somerset). Bench ends were frequently capped by a carved wooden finial known as a 'poppy-head', though the design might be anything from grotesque beasts to saints (or, indeed, a likeness of a poppy head!).

Related: Poppy Head   Grotesque  

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This fleet was sent by Philip of Spain in an attempt to invade England



10 July, 1296

John Balliol abdicates crown of Scotland

Balliol forced to bow under pressure from Edward I of England, who had named him king just 4 years before

The second surviving son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria, he ruled only 3 years before being deposed



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