Blackfriars Abbey, Hereford
Blackfriars Abbey, Hereford

Standing in a secluded rose garden off Widemarsh Street in Hereford are the ruins of a 14th-century Dominican friary. Also within the garden is an exceptional medieval preaching cross, the only surviving example of the type of cross erected by the friars in their burial grounds.

History

The story of Blackfriars goes back to around 1200, when the Knights' Hospitallers built a chapel and hospital outside the city walls on what is now Widemarsh Street. We know that there were Dominican friars in Hereford around the same time, based in Port Field (beyond the west side of Widemarsh Street).

The Dominicans were known as the Black Friars on account of the dark colour of their robes.

The abbey fireplace
The abbey fireplace

In 1246 Henry III granted the Dominicans ten oak trees and gave them permission to extend their property. The Crown had to step in again in 1270 when the friars came under pressure from the Hereford Cathedral chapter.

In 1319 Sir John Daniel gave them a plot of land beside the Hospitallers. King Edward II also contributed, and Bishop Orleton gave a neighbouring parcel of land.

According to the Herefordshire Through Time record, work on the new site had to be suspended when Daniel was executed in 1321, which is puzzling as according to most records Daniel was executed in 1326. It certainly seems that building took a long time; Edward III granted the Dominicans another five acres in 1331, and they enclosed Frog Lane in 1350.

The corner tower
The corner tower

In the following year, 1351, they were granted an episcopal exemption, allowing them to accept burials. Several wealthy nobles were buried in the Blackfriars church, including the Earl of Pembroke (1376), Bishop of Chester (1394), and Wiliam de Beauchamp (1408).

Records show that in 1352 Blackfriars supported 11 friars under a prior. By contrast, when it was suppressed at the Reformation Blackfriars only had a prior and seven brethren.

The church was not completed until 1386. It was consecrated in a ceremony witnessed by King Edward III and his son, the Black Prince.

A medieval doorway
A medieval doorway

The priory site included a church, burial ground, cloisters, and ranges of religious and domestic buildings. Excavations in 1958 revealed the layout of the church nave and the adjoining cloisters.

Documentary evidence suggests that the friary also had a gatehouse on the west side of the site, and that the domestic buildings were surrounded by gardens and, including an orchard. The friary also had its own drainage system.

The burial ground lies on the west side of the friary but burials have been found in the rose garden that now covers much of the site.

The standing remains include the west range of the refectory (dining hall) and part of the cloister wall.

More medieval window openings
Medieval window openings

Blackfriars Friary was suppressed by Henry VIII in 1538 and the monastic site was sold to the Scudamore family. The Scudamores sold it to Sir Thomas Coningsby, who used stone from the Priory to build a townhouse.

In 1613 he added an almshouse, known as the Coningsby Hospital. The almshouse is still used for accommodation but part of the site is now the Coningsby Museum, telling the story of the Hospital and the Priory.

Looking into the abbey refectory
Looking into the abbey refectory

In the rose garden is an ornate 14th-century preaching cross, restored in 1864. The architectural historian Nikolaus Pevsner calls this the only surviving example of a friars' preaching cross in England.

The style is an early example of Decorated Gothic, with two stages of traceried openings on a stepped base. Above the crenellated top stage rises a slender column topped by a stone cross.

Getting There

Blackfriars Friary is open during daylight hours. It is accessed through an arched gateway directly beside the Coningsby Hospital on Widemarsh Street (B4359).

Most photos are available for licensing, please contact Britain Express image library.

About Blackfriars
Address: Widemarsh Street, Hereford, Herefordshire, England, HR4 9HN
Attraction Type: Abbey
Location: In the rose garden behind Coningsby Hospital on Widemarsh Street.
Website: Blackfriars
Location map
OS: SO511404
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express


NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS

Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest

Coningsby Medieval Museum - 0.1 miles (Museum) Heritage Rating

Venn's Arch - 0.2 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Garrick's Birthplace - 0.2 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Hereford Bull Statue - 0.3 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Black & White House Museum - 0.3 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Shirehall, Hereford - 0.3 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Hereford, St Peter's Church - 0.3 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating

Owen Tudor Execution Plaque - 0.3 miles (Landmark) Heritage Rating



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