St Peter's Church, Hereford
St Peter's Church, Hereford

St Peter's is one of two medieval churches in Hereford (aside from the Cathedral) and acts as the city's official civic church. It is the largest and the oldest parish church in Herefordshire.

History

The church's early history is obscure, but it may have been established as a collegiate church around 1035. Another version of the church's history suggests that it was founded -- or re-founded -- by the Norman nobleman Walter de Lacy in 1080. De Lacy tragically died in a fall from the tower in 1085.

The completed church was given by Walter de Lacy's son Hugh to the monks of St Peter's Abbey in Gloucester (now Gloucester Cathedral).

The view from St Peter's Square
The church from St Peter's Square

The medieval church was heavily restored in 1888 under the direction of Thomas Nicholson, the diocesan architect. The restored church is built mainly of rubble and ashlar sandstone under a roof of Welsh slate.

It has a simple layout with a nave, chancel, south aisle, and west tower with a slender spire that acts as a local landmark. The spire belfry holds a 14th-century bell. This is probably the Common Bell used to warn of approaching danger -- like a medieval early-warning system to the citizens of Hereford.

Historical highlights include 15th-century choir stalls with carved misericords. The carved panels fronting the organ and the royal coat of arms to William III are by the famed woodcarver Grinling Gibbons.

South doorway carving detail
South doorway carving detail

The interior has recently undergone a complete restoration, in which the old pews were removed and the interior opened up to create a multi-purpose space for community events.

Immediately opposite the church is Shire Hall, and occupying a traffic island between the church and hall is Hereford's striking war memorial.

Rev John Venn

The most famous vicar of St Peter's Church was John Venn, who together with his sister Emelia established the Hereford City Mission to care for the city's poor. The Venns built a corn mill, bought space to establish kitchen gardens so people could grow their own food, opened a public dispensary, built a model farm, a school, and a children's home, worked to improve sanitation, helped build a public library, and helped bring the YMCA to Hereford. The Venn's contribution to Hereford is unrivalled and is still felt today.

The church spire from Union Street
The church spire from Union Street

Getting There

The church is opposite Shire Hall and the bus station on St Peter's square. It is easily reached on foot from the Cathedral and is just a stone's throw from the Black and White House Museum on High Town.

Most photos are available for licensing, please contact Britain Express image library.

About Hereford, St Peter's Church
Address: St Peter's Square, Hereford, Herefordshire, England, HR1 2HX
Attraction Type: Historic Church
Location: On the north side of St Peter's Square, by the Shirehall and the war memorial.
Website: Hereford, St Peter's Church
Location map
OS: SO511400
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express


NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS

Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest

Hereford War Memorial - 0 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Black & White House Museum - 0.1 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Hereford Town Hall - 0.1 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Hereford Bull Statue - 0.1 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Shirehall, Hereford - 0.1 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Owen Tudor Execution Plaque - 0.1 miles (Landmark) Heritage Rating

Garrick's Birthplace - 0.1 miles (Historic Building) Heritage Rating

Hereford, All Saints Church - 0.2 miles (Historic Church) Heritage Rating



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