The Merchant Taylors' Hall entrance
The Merchant Taylors' Hall entrance

The Merchant Tailors' Hall is an early 15th-century guildhall built under the shadow of York's medieval city wall for the Merchant Tailors' livery company, a mercantile guild including some of York's most important citizens. The Hall is now primarily an events venue.

At first glance, the Hall appears to be no older than the 18th century at the earliest but looks can be deceiving; the red-brick exterior is merely a facade encasing a medieval timber-framed structure that stands as one of the architectural treasures of York.

The 1730 almshouses
The 1730 almshouses

History

In 1415 the Company of Merchant Taylors built a guildhall on Aldwark. The new building consisted of a large hall, dubbed the Great Hall. Here the guild held meetings, socialised, and conducted business.

In the late 15th century a wing was added at right angles to the Great Hall with a smaller chamber known initially as the 'Counsell howse' (Council House). This was later known as the Counting House, though it may have been used as a chapel. It is now known as the Small Hall.

The Great Hall has an ambitious timber-framed roof with a king post system for stability. The chamber is roughly the same height and width, and the length is double both those measurements, making it a double cube.

One one side is the entrance hall, formed from a medieval screens passage. Over the fireplace is a painted coat of arms for the London Drapers Company, made sometime before 1688. The Merchant Taylors used the Drapers Company coat of arms until they were granted their own. The stained glass window was installed in 2015 to mark the 600th anniversary of the Hall.

The Hall from the medieval city walls
The Hall from the medieval city walls

Two stained glass windows in the Small Hall were made by the York artist Henry Gyles. The oldest dates to 1662 and is Gyles' earliest known work. It was the gift of Simon Buckton, a wealthy merchant tailor.

The second window is a mystery; it depicts a bust of Queen Anne and the coat of arms of the London Company of Merchant Taylors above an inscription commemorating the restoration of the London Hall following the Great Fire of 1666. But what is the window of a London guild commemorating a London event doing in York?

On the east side of the Merchant Taylors' Hall is the Hospital. Despite the name, this building is an almshouse, built in 1730 to house four poor men or women members of the Merchant Taylors' Company. The almshouse stands on the foundations of the Maison Dieu, a medieval almshouse destroyed in 1702. The original four flats have been combined into a single dwelling.

The Merchant Tailors' Hall is primarily a function venue for public and private events such as weddings and corporate meetings, so it is not usually open to the public. However, you can usually walk through the gates and get a close look at the Hall and the neighbouring almshouses from inside the grounds, and you can look down on the Hall from the York city wall walk which passes immediately behind the property.

NOTE
Don't mistake the Merchant Taylors' Hall for the similarly named Merchant Adventurers' Hall on Fossgate. Unlike the Merchant Taylors' Hall, the Merchant Adventurers' Hall welcomes visitors.

Getting There

The Merchant Tailors' Hall is on Aldwark and is well signposted for pedestrians. Just look for the ornate iron gateway and the information panel. And, of course, you can see down into the property from the wall walk.

Please be aware that vehicular access is only possible via Monk Bar/ Goodramgate/ Aldwark, but traffic control barriers prevent access via Aldwark and St Andrewgate.

Most photos are available for licensing, please contact Britain Express image library.

About Merchant Taylors' Hall
Address: Aldwark, York, Yorkshire, England, YO1 7BX
Attraction Type: Historic Building
Location: On Aldwark, off Peasholme Green.
Website: Merchant Taylors' Hall
Email: events@merchant-taylors-york.org
Location map
OS: SE607520
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express


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