Nine Maidens Stone Row
History, tourist information, and nearby accommodation
HERITAGE HIGHLIGHTS: Cornwall's largest stone row
In a field near St Columb Major stands Cornwall's largest stone row, a string of nine standing stones ranging from 80cm to over 2.1m in height (roughly 2ft to 6.9ft). The stones appear to have been aligned on The Fiddler, a solitary stone about 800 metres to the north. The row stretches 108 metres (roughly 354 feet). The northernmost stone has fallen and been broken.
The name comes from a local story that nine maidens were turned to stone for the sin of dancing on the Sabbath. The Fiddler Stone to the north is said to be the musician who played for them. A similar tale is told of the Merry Maidens stone circle near Land's End, which also has a pair of standing stones said to have been pipers. Stories like these were used by the Christian Church to turn people away from traditional celebrations based on ancient pagan customs.
The original Cornish name was Naw-voz, or Naw-whoors, which translates loosely as 'The nine sisters'.
The stone row was first recorded in 1605 by the historian Richard Carew, who described the stone row as 'nine long and great stones called The Sisters.'
What was it used for?
We are on shaky ground trying to answer that question, but it sems most likely that stone rows formed some part of a processional route for ritual observance. It has also been suggested that there were territorial boundaries, but that seems much less likely. They may also have been used for astronomical purposes, and performed a role of an agricultural calendar.
How old is the stone row?
The row has been variously described as late Neolithic (3000-2500 BC) and Bronze Age (2500-800 BC).
The Nine Maidens inspired composer George Lloyd, who wrote part of an opera about one of the stones maidens who comes back to life as a fairy.
Visiting the Nine Stones is not the easiest thing I've ever done! The stone row is not signposted at all. It lies in a field just east of the A39 about 1 mile north of the Winnard's Perch roundabout, where the road meets the B3274. There is a layby at SW935677 on the east side of the road (heading south) but no place to stop on the west side of the road. We had to go further north and find a minor road to turn around in, then head south again until we found the layby. Head south along the verge - while cars whizz past you - and you will come to a small gate in the hedge.
A lane leads east from the gate and you can see the stone row at the far end of the field, against the hedgerow. Our OS map shows a footpath leading directly from the Nine Maidens to the A39, but that's utter nonsense; there was no footpath that we could find, and we looked, hoping to avoid what was obviously a very wet and waterlogged field. No luck, and we had to just hop from one imaginary clump of dry grass to the next, hoping vainly to avoid getting soaking wet feet. We failed.
So, lesson learned, please wear good waterproof footwear! In fact, I strongly advise rubber boots.
Now having said all that, the stone row was amazing. Despite traffic noise from the A39 the standing stones had a wonderful atmosphere. It eis a shame that there is no information sign to explain the history of the site and its significance, but the stone row itself is fabulous.
About Nine Maidens Stone Row
Address: A39, St Columb Major, Cornwall, England
Attraction Type: Prehistoric Site
Location: Just east of the A39, 1 mile north of the Winnard's Perch roundabout. There is a layby on the east side of the road and a very boggy path through a field to the stone row.
Photo Credit: David Ross and Britain Express
NEARBY HISTORIC ATTRACTIONS
Heritage Rated from 1- 5 (low to exceptional) on historic interest
St Breock Downs Monolith - 2 miles (Prehistoric Site)
St Columb Major, St Columba's Church - 2.9 miles (Historic Church)
Castle an Dinas Iron Age Hillfort - 3.4 miles (Prehistoric Site)
Japanese Garden - 4.1 miles (Garden)
St Mawgan in Pydar Church - 4.2 miles (Historic Church)
Egloshayle Church - 4.8 miles (Historic Church)
Padstow, St Petroc's Church - 5 miles (Historic Church)
Prideaux Place - 5.2 miles (Historic House)
Nearest Accommodation to Nine Maidens Stone Row: